Top 101 từ thường gặp trong bài thi GRE

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Top 101 từ thường gặp trong bài thi GRE

09 Tháng Mười 2015

Phần thi Verbal trong bài thi GRE thường là chủ đề khiến nhiều bạn có dự đinh tham gia bài thi này “nhăn mặt”. Để đạt điểm cao với phần thi này, bạn cần (hoặc chí ít là tỏ ra) thành thục về vốn từ vựng, phải biết khi nào nên sử dụng và sử dụng các từ ngữ đó như thế nào. Việc hiểu ngữ cảnh sử dụng các từ ngữ là chìa khóa giúp bạn vượt qua phần thi Verbal trong bài thi GRE một cách xuất sắc.

Top 101 từ thường gặp trong bài thi GRE

Tuy nhiên, theo thống kê, có từ 333 tới 3,500 từ vựng có thể được sử dụng trong phần thi Verbal của GRE. Liệu bạn có phải học toàn bộ 3,500 từ vựng có trong danh sách này? Không hề. Trên thực tế, các câu hỏi trong new GRE thường dựa trên cùng 1 từ và mức độ lặp lại thường xuyên của các từ này sẽ giúp bạn lập ra được danh sách  1 nhóm từ nhỏ hơn để nghiên cứu.

Các chuyên gia GRE đã biên soạn và tổng hợp danh sách 101 từ vựng thường gặp trong phần thi Verbal giúp bạn tăng cơ hội đạt điểm cao trong ngày thi. Đây là những từ đã được chọn và đánh giá là như 1 danh sách “one-size-fits-all solution”. Chúng có thể được sử dụng bởi bất kì ai, dù bạn sẽ thi GRE trong 1 vài tuần tới hay 1 vài  tháng tới. Nếu bạn không chắc chắn về vốn từ của mình và lo lắng với phần thi Verbal giống như hàng nghìn sinh viên quốc tế khác, bạn nên bắt đầu với danh sách 101 từ cho bài thi GRE này.  Hãy học mỗi từ một cách hoàn hảo, cùng với việc sử dụng theo bối cảnh, sau đó tiến hành một số câu hỏi thực hành và bạn sẽ có một khởi đầu tuyệt vời.

Danh sách 101 từ thường gặp trong phần thi Verbal của bài thi GRE bao gồm:

Laconic (adj.) – brief  and to the point;  effectively  cut short

Jessica is so talkative  that  her sister thought  the  situation warranted conciseness, and her being laconic.

Insipid (adj.)  – lacking taste or flavor

Too much sugar tends to make this otherwise delightful  fruit pie  insipid.

Pragmatic  (adj.)  – concerned with practical matters

After five years of war, both sides have found pragmatic ways to make peace with one another, as the bloodshed has grown viscous and  brutal.

Iconoclast  (noun) – someone who attacks cherished beliefs  or institutions

Irrespective of his actuating motives, his deeds as an iconoclast will be treated harshly and is answerable in court.

Arduous (adj.)  – difficult to accomplish, hard to  endure

James and Mathew are planning to leave for the states next week for their masters, following months of arduous  GRE preparation.

Profligate (adj.) – recklessly extravagant  or wasteful in the use of  resources

The senate is particularly perturbed over our profligate use of natural resources such as forest, oil, water, energy,  land and minerals.

Prosaic (adj.)  – not challenging;  dull  and lacking excitement

The project was full of prosaic ideas, such as using sand and stone to raise natural walls around monuments built  in honor  of the late president.

Ameliorate  (v.) – make, become better

Increase in penalties and effective awareness programs would ameliorate the growing pollution levels and there by global  warming it may have generated.

Obsequious (adj.) – obedient  or attentive  to an excessive degree

It  was evident  that the manager was flattering  – from his obsequious manner in receiving his   boss.

Capricious (adj.) – given  to sudden behavior   change

The recent recession is yet another example of how making rules without forethought and acting without taking  the arbitrary and capricious effects these changes in policies have on    our economy.

Fortuitous (adj.) – happening  by accident or chance

The alignment timing proved to be scientifically fortuitous for planetary astronomers, who already have a orbital satellite  stationed around  the moon.

Orthodox (adj.)  – Conforming to all  the traditional  beliefs,  and religious practices

Alice describes her childhood in a conservative Orthodox community in Iraq, keeping to traditional religious beliefs.

Alacrity  (noun) – lively  and  cheerful readiness

After marriage, Jenny rushed off with excitement to visit her parents, but her father did not accept their marriage with equal alacrity.

Pellucid (adj.)  – translucently clear

The river water was so pellucid that Mary could see clearly that it swarmed with countless small fishes and loaves.

Corroborate (v.) – confirm or give support  to

The police officials said, allegations of misconduct by the officer have been corroborated by video from closed circuit cameras.

Magnanimous  (adj.) – very  generous  or forgiving

Jaqueline’s magnanimous generosity and limitless loyalty towards her nation and its people is heart  touching and  is appreciated  beyond words.

Scrupulous (adj.) – diligent,  thorough,  and  extremely careful

The health  inspector during his usual visit found  pests in the restaurant’s kitchen and hence ordered the owner to observe scrupulous hygiene  to stop spreading illness or would issue a immediate closure  notice.

Prolific (adj.) – fruitful,  present in large  number

Ryan is furiously prolific, releasing albums on Maple, Mr. Siebel’s label, as well as his own metallic label, Metalloid.

Dogmatic  (adj.) –  dictatorial, opinionated

Most Americans have less dogmatic, more open-ended views and would ignore such a request but Mr. John didn’t  hesitate and removed his coat  immediately.

Placate (v.)  – make (someone) less angry or hostile

Sam has to double stock divided last quarter and started working at an unsustainable pace in order to placate the company investors  and shareholders.

Mercurial (adj.) – subject to sudden or unpredictable  changes  of mood,  temperamental

The mercurial senator, who retained office for more than 25 years, has frequently gone back and forth on his resignation.

Exacerbate (v.) – infuriate,  make worse

Hummingbird declines have been connected to a lack of appropriate habitat so increasing the number of Washington’s hives  could exacerbate the  issue.

Redundant (adj.) – redundant,  superfluous

At first, taking a standardized test may seem redundant to existing skill metrics such as GPA, certifications, but the GRE is necessary for the college admissions to sort  applicants.

Hackneyed (adj.) – unoriginal  and  trite

Girls dreaming their way to a wonderland to marry a prince and live happily ever after was already a hackneyed  notion  by the time Alice in the Wonderland was  written.

Prudent (adj.) – acting with or showing care and  thought

When the food manufacturer discovered toxins in a product sample case of one of its containers, it made a prudent decision to destroy all the boxes from the  shipment.

Belie (v.) – disguise or contradict

Joe’s cheerful tone belies the grim nature of life in the Indian Countryside and her desperate desire to escape those  suffocating circumstances.

Esoteric (adj.) – mysterious, obscure

A couple of months ago, Mr. Niobe submitted a thesis with his analysis and computations — a fairly esoteric mathematical dissent about  how best to gather  rational generalizations on the origin of the universe   theory.

Cacophony (noun) – a harsh, discordant mixture of  sounds

The cacophony surrounding the multi-billion dollar buyout of leading messaging service by a social networking company shook the whole tech industry.

Impetuous (adj.)  – acting or done  quickly and without thought  or care

Michael is methodical, barely the impetuous kind, and he has had ample time to come to a consolidated opinion of the university he wishes to apply   for.

Idiosyncrasy  (noun) – a way of thought  peculiar  to an individual

Modern technologies are a lot more expensive than their existing alternatives and each has its own idiosyncrasies that  be conquered.

Extant (adj.) – in existence;  surviving

Several works produced by Shakespeare during his later years are yet extant at Rome; and far surpassing the rest is his tale of two young lovers, Romeo and   Juliet.

Obscure (adj.) – not  discovered or known about;  uncertain

Apple maps give such obscure directions that even after roaming around for hours, Derek couldn’t reach the new church that  opened  in the town.

Didactic (adj.)  – intended  to teach, educational

Though more didactic, Rama’s story of the triumph over evil and of a king’s dharma and nobility is quite powerful  and enchanting.

Pithy (adj.) – brief, to the  point

The professor was not known for talking much, but what he did say was always    pithy.

Copious (adj.) – abundant  in supply or  quantity

Mathew insisted that Sophie track all her household expenditures, including every penny spent for hair clips, in copious  account books.

Ostentation (adj.) – pretentious  and  vulgar  display intended  to impress, show off

The movie celebrity is not having a good day because he got another ticket for speeding only two over and driving  ostentatiously in his new,  cherry-red sports car.

Adulterate  (verb) alter  or debase, often  for profit

Of all teas, I love green tea the most and would never adulterate it with sweeteners; even a pitch of sugar would be  a desecration.

Vociferous (adj.) – loud and  clamorous

The protestors were vociferous  in their  demands as they screamed outside of  the mayor’s  house.

Taciturn (adj.) – reserved or uncommunicative in  speech

Over the past 50 years, as a recruiter, Yuri has come across different  types of candidates, some of them speak  a lot  while some stay taciturn.

Obdurate (adj.) – refuse to change one’s opinion;   stubborn

The teacher couldn’t stand the obdurate student as he yelled at anyone who dared to disagree with his opinions  during  the debate.

Garrulous (adj.)  – excessively talkative

Though not garrulous by nature, Ryan seems to be comfortable with the diverse audiences at the education conference and managed to have  conversations with several of  them.

Misanthrope (noun) – person who hates  others

People thought the old woman was a misanthrope since she wouldn’t talk to any of her neighbors let alone  help them but they realized how much she loved them when she put a huge bag of candy out at Halloween.

Lionize (verb) – treat someone as a  celebrity

The retired lieutenant  is being  lionized as a paragon  of integrity  for standing up against  corruption.

Imminent  (adj.)  – about to happen

Some people thought it was outrageous when the media predicted the imminent death of the drug-addicted actress.

Frivolous (adj)  – trivial, silly

Ram was passionate and serious about  collecting coins but his friends thought  it was a frivolous    activity.

Benign (adj.) – gentle,  kindly

Even though the advertisements claim the energy drink is benign, customers may experience some unwanted side effects after consuming.

Dissonance (noun)  – lack of  harmony, disagreement

There is a great deal of dissonance between the conflicting evidences produced by both the parties and hence the judge had to close the case on account of lack of sufficient  evidence.

Inculpate (verb)  – accuse or blame

Although the killer successfully disposed of the murder weapon, his friends provided evidence that could actually inculpate both the killer  and the people  who tried to cover up the   killing.

Docile (adj.)  – compliant, submissive

Although a trained lion appears docile during the circus acts, it is really a fierce animal when not controlled by a trainer.

Sporadic (adj.) – occurring at irregular  intervals;  scattered or isolated

The doctors are finding it difficult to identify the cause of Tom’s heartaches because of his sporadic heartbeat.

Prevaricate (verb) – deceive;  stretch the truth

Aria does not take bad news well and hence her brother always prevaricates when telling her something she does not want to  hear.

Chicanery (noun)  – deception, trickery

The judge has plenty of reason to suspect chicanery because the lawyer has a reputation of aggressively defending  his clients and of getting  verdicts of innocence on guilty   Policemen.

Gainsay (verb)  – deny or contradict

Some of the officers were about to reject the project, but it had come from them, they could not well   gainsay it.

Eulogy (noun) – praise,  exclamation

Public officials and her friends joined in a chorus of eulogy and remembrances for many days afterward as Michelle  signs on the human rights  doctrine.

Belligerent (adj.) – hostile and  aggressive

Russia’s public  statement has been  belligerent,  menacing military action against  the United States.

Dispassionate  (adj.) – unfeeling,  impartial

The heart  of the ruthless monarch seems dispassionate to the plight  of  those people  suffering in his kingdom.

Providential (adj.) – lucky, occurring at a favorable  time;  opportune

Sam’s dangerous and providential escape, made her tremble; and so pale did he still look, that she could scarcely believe he was  uninjured.

Diffidence (noun) – hesitancy; lack of  confidence

A lot of sportsmen attain prominence before they know what to do with it; others put across a diffidence to fame while secretly craving it;  and some just don’t  treasure their  moments in the spotlight.

Fractious (adj.)  – irritable  and quarrelsome

Third world powers are hesitant about sending arms to aid the war, partially due to the fractious politics of the hostile political  group abroad.

Malign (adj.) – hurtful,  injurious

Often, people suffering psychological disorders are considered by their families to be under the influence of malign spirits, or showing sign of a physical  confliction.

Disparate (adj.) – essentially different  in  kind,  not allowing comparison

Chief Puritan and songwriter James Rhodes has led his band through six very disparate albums united by their subtle indifference  for listener accessibility.

Plausible  (adj.) – seeming reasonable or  probable

Astronomers received data from the unexplored planet which indicates that the possibility of life, at least in the ancient past, is at least plausible.

Sanguine (adj.)  – optimistic or positive

Among those who remain sanguine about the nation’s economic revival, there is always the lively topic of tax reduction policies, the remedy to deflationary  recession in the United  States.

Venerate (v.) – regard with great  respect

In a nod to the religious customs of the Vatican, which popes here venerate, there are plans for a cathedral between the St. Peter’s Square and Mount    Street.

Trite (adj.) silly, commonplace

Of these athletes, only Mr. Johnson delivered movements with any firmness; and even he was moving with such a professional  awe that rendered  everything trite.

Succinct (adj.)  brief, to the point

Perhaps the most succinct equations of wave theory come closest in mathematics to defining probability, but chemistry can fairly lay claim to these equations.

Ingenious (adj.)  – clever, original,  and inventive

No matter how ingenious a thesis or an analysis may be, it will be quickly invalidated if appropriate field experts haven’t  been  engaged  in the process for feedback.

Meticulous (adj.) – very careful and  precise

Queen Cleopatra did beautiful architectural drawings on monuments built around the pyramids, the result of years of obsessive and meticulous hard work by numerous artists and   builders.

Erudite (adj.) – well-educated,  cultured

Consuming the books her father supplied, Miss. Jane, who grew up in near poverty, became an erudite, self- educated woman and loves  sharing her knowledge  with others.

Bolster (v.) – support or  strengthen

Students having trouble paying college tuition fee may be relieved to hear that the Academic Council has launched  new policies  that will bolster borrower protections for student education   loans.

Anachronism  (noun) – error in time  placement

With the rate of economic growth in the western countries at its lowest rate in nearly a century, the power wielded by the United Nations  can seem like an  anachronism.

Trivial (adj.) – of little  value or importance

Evidently, $10 was a trivial amount for the wealthy business man, but no one wants to be embarrassed in front  of his or her  fellow associates.

Advocate  (noun)  – person supporting an idea  or cause publicly

Mr. Sam who is a leading GRE test prep expert advocates strong basics and ample practice to be the key to succeed on the exam.

Conspicuous (adj.)  – obvious, easily seen

Taxes on the corporates encourage investment and growth, instead of conspicuous consumption. The rich will always be wealthy.  It’s  the middle class that needs  help.

Innocuous (adj.)  – harmless and inoffensive

Companies that track their visitor’s online behavior have long claimed that the data they collect is anonymous, and therefore innocuous. But the interpretation of the word “anonymous” has changed over time in the online world.

Audacious  (adj.)  – reckless, daring

Jim is known for his adventurous style and audacious nature for when he is inside the ring, his audiences would jump off their seats to watch him play with the  lion.

Tumultuous (adj.)  – confused, or disorderly

During the recent riots, the crowd was tumultuous and went berserk as the police arrest their leader, washing away all that  impeded it.

Reticent (adj.) – secretive, quiet

The usually reticent Swiss bank acknowledged the  policy quandary  at an  International  Monetary  Fund meeting in New  York  this month.

Fervid (adj.) – intensely  enthusiastic or  passionate

During political debates, the candidates hurl fervid accusations at each other while justifying their positions on national issues.

Enervate (verb) – weaken, wear  out

The blazing heat in mid-June caused dehydration and enervated the shipwrecked crew, leaving them almost too weak to hail the passing vessel.

Prodigal (adj.) – wastefully  extravagant

Scott had been prodigal of all his energy, money and resources and innovative stratagems and loving kindness.

Auspicious  (adj.)  – conducive to success; favorable

The Australian skipper considered the sunny forecast to be an auspicious sign that his team would win tomorrow’s cricket match.

Soporific (adj.) – tending  to induce drowsiness or sleep

The reality shows aired on TV tend towards the soporific; by contrast, the coverage of soccer game in newspapers is more fun  because the pictures counted for  everything.

Engender (verb) – cause or give  rise to

The new technology has engendered great hope for the potential development of preventive methods for lethal genetic  and  severe chronic diseases such as glaucoma and cancer.

Loquacious (adj.)  – tending  to talk a great deal;  talkative

Julie and Katie were not being loquacious with the other guests because they were too busy making long conversations  with their other friends.

Equivocate (verb) – to avoid giving  a clear or direct answer to a question

When I asked Rachel if the suit looks good on me, she equivocated a response, avoiding the question by saying she needed it to be somewhere else.

Inimical  (adj.) – tending  to obstruct or harm

Though Sarah’s husband is an inimical person who often beats her for trivial  reasons, she has always tried to  be nice to him.

Superfluous (adj.) – extra,  unnecessary

Massive marketing budgets may seem superfluous when revenues are hard to come by,  but it’s  indispensable to have them in place in order to get substantial funding  and to stay capital   efficient.

Fastidious (adj.)  – very careful and  attentive

After the party, Jenny and her brother were fastidious in their efforts to clean up the mess because they knew their  parents were on their  way home.

Recalcitrant (adj)  – disobedient, uncontrollable

Recalcitrant politicians, in interviews on TV and newspaper, raised their concerns over the party’s national policies publicly and  were consequently punished  for their  disobedience.

Ephemeral (adj.)  – momentary, passing

Sophie always knew the relationship with Haden would be ephemeral; she just didn’t expect they would breakup  so soon.

Pusillanimous  (adj.) – lacking  courage, fearful

Despite the opportunity for heroism, the captain led his soldiers into a pusillanimous retreat and since then the man has been rated as a coward.

Vacillate  (verb) – go back and forth, be  indecisive

Since his term exams were round the corner, Adam vacillated between going on the family vacation and staying back at home to study.

Ambivalent  (adj.)  – having  mixed feelings, conflicting

My feelings about Shelly are ambivalent because on one hand she is a loyal friend, but on the other, she is a cruel and vicious thief.

Enigma (adj.)  – difficult to interpret or understand;  mysterious

Bruce Wayne was an enigmatic businessman; no one could ever guess what goes through the master tactician’s mind.

Euphoric (adj.) – intense  excitement and happiness

The Australian cricket players were all euphoric  when the Government  declared a bonus pay to each of them as bring the world cup home.

Pedant (noun) – a person who overemphasizes rules or minor  details

The senior professor was obviously a pedant since she persistently focuses on mediocre details and keeps interrupting me to point out my imperfect pronunciation and grammar usage without letting me make my argument.

Profound (adj.)  – very great or intense;  thoughtful

The realities are forcing a profound reassessment of how the Nile, Africa’s only major river, can continue to slake the thirst of one of the continent’s  fastest-growing  regions.

Inchoate (adj.)  – undeveloped,  beginning

Just after the big bang explosion, before the universe expanded to the gigantic distances, it was an inchoate assemblage of  elemental matter.

Lethargic (adj.)  – lazy, sluggish

In Asia, data on Tuesday showed that Japan’s economy contracted in the three months to September, as exports  and  domestic consumer spending remain lethargic

Deride (adj.) – make fun of; insult

When United States briefly considered withdrawing their  forces completely out  of Iraq  in 2009,  several patriots in public  conversations derided the idea as a big  mistake.

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Sơn Tây Campus (Số 6, phố Sơn Tây, quận Ba Đình, Hà Nội)Nguyễn Tuân Campus (Tòa nhà số 8A/172 Nguyễn Tuân, quận Thanh Xuân, Hà Nội)Định Công Campus (Số 74, Trần Nguyên Đán, Định Công, quận Hoàng Mai, Hà Nội)Nội Bài Campus (Số 196, Quốc Lộ 2, xã Phù Lỗ, huyện Sóc Sơn, Hà Nội)Saigon Campus (P.701-6, Lầu 7, Regus Melinh Point Tower, Số 2 Ngô Đức Kế, Quận 1, TPHCM)

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