Top 101 từ thường gặp trong bài thi GRE

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    Top 101 từ thường gặp trong bài thi GRE

    09 Tháng Mười 2015

    Phần thi Verbal trong bài thi GRE thường là chủ đề khiến nhiều bạn có dự đinh tham gia bài thi này “nhăn mặt”. Để đạt điểm cao với phần thi này, bạn cần (hoặc chí ít là tỏ ra) thành thục về vốn từ vựng, phải biết khi nào nên sử dụng và sử dụng các từ ngữ đó như thế nào. Việc hiểu ngữ cảnh sử dụng các từ ngữ là chìa khóa giúp bạn vượt qua phần thi Verbal trong bài thi GRE một cách xuất sắc.

    Top 101 từ thường gặp trong bài thi GRE

    Tuy nhiên, theo thống kê, có từ 333 tới 3,500 từ vựng có thể được sử dụng trong phần thi Verbal của GRE. Liệu bạn có phải học toàn bộ 3,500 từ vựng có trong danh sách này? Không hề. Trên thực tế, các câu hỏi trong new GRE thường dựa trên cùng 1 từ và mức độ lặp lại thường xuyên của các từ này sẽ giúp bạn lập ra được danh sách  1 nhóm từ nhỏ hơn để nghiên cứu.

    Các chuyên gia GRE đã biên soạn và tổng hợp danh sách 101 từ vựng thường gặp trong phần thi Verbal giúp bạn tăng cơ hội đạt điểm cao trong ngày thi. Đây là những từ đã được chọn và đánh giá là như 1 danh sách “one-size-fits-all solution”. Chúng có thể được sử dụng bởi bất kì ai, dù bạn sẽ thi GRE trong 1 vài tuần tới hay 1 vài  tháng tới. Nếu bạn không chắc chắn về vốn từ của mình và lo lắng với phần thi Verbal giống như hàng nghìn sinh viên quốc tế khác, bạn nên bắt đầu với danh sách 101 từ cho bài thi GRE này.  Hãy học mỗi từ một cách hoàn hảo, cùng với việc sử dụng theo bối cảnh, sau đó tiến hành một số câu hỏi thực hành và bạn sẽ có một khởi đầu tuyệt vời.

    Danh sách 101 từ thường gặp trong phần thi Verbal của bài thi GRE bao gồm:

    Laconic (adj.) – brief  and to the point;  effectively cut short

    Jessica is so talkative  that  her sister thought the situation warranted conciseness, and her being laconic.

    Insipid (adj.)  – lacking taste or flavor

    Too much sugar tends to make this otherwise delightful  fruit pie  insipid.

    Pragmatic  (adj.)  – concerned with practical matters

    After five years of war, both sides have found pragmatic ways to make peace with one another, as the bloodshed has grown viscous and  brutal.

    Iconoclast  (noun) – someone who attacks cherished beliefs  or institutions

    Irrespective of his actuating motives, his deeds as an iconoclast will be treated harshly and is answerable in court.

    Arduous (adj.)  – difficult to accomplish, hard to endure

    James and Mathew are planning to leave for the states next week for their masters, following months of arduous  GRE preparation.

    Profligate (adj.) – recklessly extravagant  or wasteful in the use of resources

    The senate is particularly perturbed over our profligate use of natural resources such as forest, oil, water, energy,  land and minerals.

    Prosaic (adj.)  – not challenging;  dull and lacking excitement

    The project was full of prosaic ideas, such as using sand and stone to raise natural walls around monuments built in honor of the late president.

    Ameliorate  (v.) – make, become better

    Increase in penalties and effective awareness programs would ameliorate the growing pollution levels and there by global  warming it may have generated.

    Obsequious (adj.) – obedient or attentive to an excessive degree

    It  was evident  that the manager was flattering – from his obsequious manner in receiving his   boss.

    Capricious (adj.) – given to sudden behavior  change

    The recent recession is yet another example of how making rules without forethought and acting without taking the arbitrary and capricious effects these changes in policies have on our economy.

    Fortuitous (adj.) – happening by accident or chance

    The alignment timing proved to be scientifically fortuitous for planetary astronomers, who already have an orbital satellite  stationed around  the moon.

    Orthodox (adj.)  – Conforming to all the traditional beliefs, and religious practices

    Alice describes her childhood in a conservative Orthodox community in Iraq, keeping to traditional religious beliefs.

    Alacrity  (noun) – lively and cheerful readiness

    After marriage, Jenny rushed off with excitement to visit her parents, but her father did not accept their marriage with equal alacrity.

    Pellucid (adj.)  – translucently clear

    The river water was so pellucid that Mary could see clearly that it swarmed with countless small fishes and loaves.

    Corroborate (v.) – confirm or give support to

    The police officials said, allegations of misconduct by the officer have been corroborated by video from closed circuit cameras.

    Magnanimous  (adj.) – very  generous or forgiving

    Jaqueline’s magnanimous generosity and limitless loyalty towards her nation and its people is heart  touching and  is appreciated  beyond words.

    Scrupulous (adj.) – diligent,  thorough,  and extremely careful

    The health  inspector during his usual visit found pests in the restaurant’s kitchen and hence ordered the owner to observe scrupulous hygiene  to stop spreading illness or would issue a immediate closure  notice.

    Prolific (adj.) – fruitful, present in large number

    Ryan is furiously prolific, releasing albums on Maple, Mr. Siebel’s label, as well as his own metallic label, Metalloid.

    Dogmatic  (adj.) –  dictatorial, opinionated

    Most Americans have less dogmatic, more open-ended views and would ignore such a request but Mr. John didn’t hesitate and removed his coat  immediately.

    Placate (v.)  – make (someone) less angry or hostile

    Sam has to double stock divided last quarter and started working at an unsustainable pace in order to placate the company investors  and shareholders.

    Mercurial (adj.) – subject to sudden or unpredictable changes of mood, temperamental

    The mercurial senator, who retained office for more than 25 years, has frequently gone back and forth on his resignation.

    Exacerbate (v.) – infuriate, make worse

    Hummingbird declines have been connected to a lack of appropriate habitat so increasing the number of Washington’s hives  could exacerbate the  issue.

    Redundant (adj.) – redundant, superfluous

    At first, taking a standardized test may seem redundant to existing skill metrics such as GPA, certifications, but the GRE is necessary for the college admissions to sort applicants.

    Hackneyed (adj.) – unoriginal and trite

    Girls dreaming their way to a wonderland to marry a prince and live happily ever after was already a hackneyed notion by the time Alice in the Wonderland was written.

    Prudent (adj.) – acting with or showing care and  thought

    When the food manufacturer discovered toxins in a product sample case of one of its containers, it made a prudent decision to destroy all the boxes from the shipment.

    Belie (v.) – disguise or contradict

    Joe’s cheerful tone belies the grim nature of life in the Indian Countryside and her desperate desire to escape those  suffocating circumstances.

    Esoteric (adj.) – mysterious, obscure

    A couple of months ago, Mr. Niobe submitted a thesis with his analysis and computations — a fairly esoteric mathematical dissent about how best to gather rational generalizations on the origin of the universe theory.

    Cacophony (noun) – a harsh, discordant mixture of  sounds

    The cacophony surrounding the multi-billion dollar buyout of leading messaging service by a social networking company shook the whole tech industry.

    Impetuous (adj.)  – acting or done quickly and without thought or care

    Michael is methodical, barely the impetuous kind, and he has had ample time to come to a consolidated opinion of the university he wishes to apply for.

    Idiosyncrasy  (noun) – a way of thought peculiar to an individual

    Modern technologies are a lot more expensive than their existing alternatives and each has its own idiosyncrasies that  be conquered.

    Extant (adj.) – in existence;  surviving

    Several works produced by Shakespeare during his later years are yet extant at Rome; and far surpassing the rest is his tale of two young lovers, Romeo and  Juliet.

    Obscure (adj.) – not discovered or known about;  uncertain

    Apple maps give such obscure directions that even after roaming around for hours, Derek couldn’t reach the new church that  opened  in the town.

    Didactic (adj.)  – intended to teach, educational

    Though more didactic, Rama’s story of the triumph over evil and of a king’s dharma and nobility is quite powerful and enchanting.

    Pithy (adj.) – brief, to the point

    The professor was not known for talking much, but what he did say was always pithy.

    Copious (adj.) – abundant  in supply or quantity

    Mathew insisted that Sophie track all her household expenditures, including every penny spent for hair clips, in copious account books.

    Ostentation (adj.) – pretentious and vulgar  display intended to impress, show off

    The movie celebrity is not having a good day because he got another ticket for speeding only two over and driving ostentatiously in his new,  cherry-red sports car.

    Adulterate  (verb) alter  or debase, often for profit

    Of all teas, I love green tea the most and would never adulterate it with sweeteners; even a pitch of sugar would be  a desecration.

    Vociferous (adj.) – loud and clamorous

    The protestors were vociferous  in their  demands as they screamed outside of  the mayor’s  house.

    Taciturn (adj.) – reserved or uncommunicative in speech

    Over the past 50 years, as a recruiter, Yuri has come across different types of candidates, some of them speak  a lot  while some stay taciturn.

    Obdurate (adj.) – refuse to change one’s opinion; stubborn

    The teacher couldn’t stand the obdurate student as he yelled at anyone who dared to disagree with his opinions  during  the debate.

    Garrulous (adj.)  – excessively talkative

    Though not garrulous by nature, Ryan seems to be comfortable with the diverse audiences at the education conference and managed to have  conversations with several of  them.

    Misanthrope (noun) – person who hates others

    People thought the old woman was a misanthrope since she wouldn’t talk to any of her neighbors let alone help them but they realized how much she loved them when she put a huge bag of candy out at Halloween.

    Lionize (verb) – treat someone as a celebrity

    The retired lieutenant is being lionized as a paragon  of integrity  for standing up against  corruption.

    Imminent  (adj.)  – about to happen

    Some people thought it was outrageous when the media predicted the imminent death of the drug-addicted actress.

    Frivolous (adj)  – trivial, silly

    Ram was passionate and serious about  collecting coins but his friends thought  it was a frivolous activity.

    Benign (adj.) – gentle, kindly

    Even though the advertisements claim the energy drink is benign, customers may experience some unwanted side effects after consuming.

    Dissonance (noun)  – lack of harmony, disagreement

    There is a great deal of dissonance between the conflicting evidences produced by both the parties and hence the judge had to close the case on account of lack of sufficient evidence.

    Inculpate (verb)  – accuse or blame

    Although the killer successfully disposed of the murder weapon, his friends provided evidence that could actually inculpate both the killer and the people who tried to cover up the killing.

    Docile (adj.)  – compliant, submissive

    Although a trained lion appears docile during the circus acts, it is really a fierce animal when not controlled by a trainer.

    Sporadic (adj.) – occurring at irregular intervals;  scattered or isolated

    The doctors are finding it difficult to identify the cause of Tom’s heartaches because of his sporadic heartbeat.

    Prevaricate (verb) – deceive;  stretch the truth

    Aria does not take bad news well and hence her brother always prevaricates when telling her something she does not want to  hear.

    Chicanery (noun)  – deception, trickery

    The judge has plenty of reason to suspect chicanery because the lawyer has a reputation of aggressively defending his clients and of getting verdicts of innocence on guilty Policemen.

    Gainsay (verb)  – deny or contradict

    Some of the officers were about to reject the project, but it had come from them, they could not well gainsay it.

    Eulogy (noun) – praise, exclamation

    Public officials and her friends joined in a chorus of eulogy and remembrances for many days afterward as Michelle  signs on the human rights  doctrine.

    Belligerent (adj.) – hostile and aggressive

    Russia’s public  statement has been belligerent, menacing military action against  the United States.

    Dispassionate  (adj.) – unfeeling, impartial

    The heart  of the ruthless monarch seems dispassionate to the plight of those people suffering in his kingdom.

    Providential (adj.) – lucky, occurring at a favorable  time;  opportune

    Sam’s dangerous and providential escape, made her tremble; and so pale did he still look, that she could scarcely believe he was  uninjured.

    Diffidence (noun) – hesitancy; lack of confidence

    A lot of sportsmen attain prominence before they know what to do with it; others put across a diffidence to fame while secretly craving it;  and some just don’t treasure their moments in the spotlight.

    Fractious (adj.)  – irritable and quarrelsome

    Third world powers are hesitant about sending arms to aid the war, partially due to the fractious politics of the hostile political  group abroad.

    Malign (adj.) – hurtful,  injurious

    Often, people suffering psychological disorders are considered by their families to be under the influence of malign spirits, or showing sign of a physical confliction.

    Disparate (adj.) – essentially different in kind, not allowing comparison

    Chief Puritan and songwriter James Rhodes has led his band through six very disparate albums united by their subtle indifference  for listener accessibility.

    Plausible  (adj.) – seeming reasonable or probable

    Astronomers received data from the unexplored planet which indicates that the possibility of life, at least in the ancient past, is at least plausible.

    Sanguine (adj.)  – optimistic or positive

    Among those who remain sanguine about the nation’s economic revival, there is always the lively topic of tax reduction policies, the remedy to deflationary recession in the United States.

    Venerate (v.) – regard with great respect

    In a nod to the religious customs of the Vatican, which popes here venerate, there are plans for a cathedral between the St. Peter’s Square and Mount Street.

    Trite (adj.) silly, commonplace

    Of these athletes, only Mr. Johnson delivered movements with any firmness; and even he was moving with such a professional  awe that rendered  everything trite.

    Succinct (adj.)  brief, to the point

    Perhaps the most succinct equations of wave theory come closest in mathematics to defining probability, but chemistry can fairly lay claim to these equations.

    Ingenious (adj.)  – clever, original,  and inventive

    No matter how ingenious a thesis or an analysis may be, it will be quickly invalidated if appropriate field experts haven’t  been  engaged  in the process for feedback.

    Meticulous (adj.) – very careful and  precise

    Queen Cleopatra did beautiful architectural drawings on monuments built around the pyramids, the result of years of obsessive and meticulous hard work by numerous artists and builders.

    Erudite (adj.) – well-educated, cultured

    Consuming the books her father supplied, Miss. Jane, who grew up in near poverty, became an erudite, self- educated woman and loves  sharing her knowledge with others.

    Bolster (v.) – support or  strengthen

    Students having trouble paying college tuition fee may be relieved to hear that the Academic Council has launched new policies  that will bolster borrower protections for student education   loans.

    Anachronism  (noun) – error in time  placement

    With the rate of economic growth in the western countries at its lowest rate in nearly a century, the power wielded by the United Nations  can seem like an  anachronism.

    Trivial (adj.) – of little  value or importance

    Evidently, $10 was a trivial amount for the wealthy business man, but no one wants to be embarrassed in front of his or her  fellow associates.

    Advocate  (noun)  – person supporting an idea  or cause publicly

    Mr. Sam who is a leading GRE test prep expert advocates strong basics and ample practice to be the key to succeed on the exam.

    Conspicuous (adj.)  – obvious, easily seen

    Taxes on the corporates encourage investment and growth, instead of conspicuous consumption. The rich will always be wealthy.  It’s  the middle class that needs  help.

    Innocuous (adj.)  – harmless and inoffensive

    Companies that track their visitor’s online behavior have long claimed that the data they collect is anonymous, and therefore innocuous. But the interpretation of the word “anonymous” has changed over time in the online world.

    Audacious  (adj.)  – reckless, daring

    Jim is known for his adventurous style and audacious nature for when he is inside the ring, his audiences would jump off their seats to watch him play with the  lion.

    Tumultuous (adj.)  – confused, or disorderly

    During the recent riots, the crowd was tumultuous and went berserk as the police arrest their leader, washing away all that  impeded it.

    Reticent (adj.) – secretive, quiet

    The usually reticent Swiss bank acknowledged the  policy quandary  at an  International  Monetary  Fund meeting in New  York  this month.

    Fervid (adj.) – intensely  enthusiastic or  passionate

    During political debates, the candidates hurl fervid accusations at each other while justifying their positions on national issues.

    Enervate (verb) – weaken, wear  out

    The blazing heat in mid-June caused dehydration and enervated the shipwrecked crew, leaving them almost too weak to hail the passing vessel.

    Prodigal (adj.) – wastefully  extravagant

    Scott had been prodigal of all his energy, money and resources and innovative stratagems and loving kindness.

    Auspicious  (adj.)  – conducive to success; favorable

    The Australian skipper considered the sunny forecast to be an auspicious sign that his team would win tomorrow’s cricket match.

    Soporific (adj.) – tending  to induce drowsiness or sleep

    The reality shows aired on TV tend towards the soporific; by contrast, the coverage of soccer game in newspapers is more fun  because the pictures counted for  everything.

    Engender (verb) – cause or give  rise to

    The new technology has engendered great hope for the potential development of preventive methods for lethal genetic  and  severe chronic diseases such as glaucoma and cancer.

    Loquacious (adj.)  – tending  to talk a great deal;  talkative

    Julie and Katie were not being loquacious with the other guests because they were too busy making long conversations  with their other friends.

    Equivocate (verb) – to avoid giving  a clear or direct answer to a question

    When I asked Rachel if the suit looks good on me, she equivocated a response, avoiding the question by saying she needed it to be somewhere else.

    Inimical  (adj.) – tending  to obstruct or harm

    Though Sarah’s husband is an inimical person who often beats her for trivial reasons, she has always tried to  be nice to him.

    Superfluous (adj.) – extra,  unnecessary

    Massive marketing budgets may seem superfluous when revenues are hard to come by,  but it’s  indispensable to have them in place in order to get substantial funding  and to stay capital   efficient.

    Fastidious (adj.)  – very careful and  attentive

    After the party, Jenny and her brother were fastidious in their efforts to clean up the mess because they knew their  parents were on their  way home.

    Recalcitrant (adj)  – disobedient, uncontrollable

    Recalcitrant politicians, in interviews on TV and newspaper, raised their concerns over the party’s national policies publicly and  were consequently punished  for their  disobedience.

    Ephemeral (adj.)  – momentary, passing

    Sophie always knew the relationship with Haden would be ephemeral; she just didn’t expect they would breakup  so soon.

    Pusillanimous  (adj.) – lacking  courage, fearful

    Despite the opportunity for heroism, the captain led his soldiers into a pusillanimous retreat and since then the man has been rated as a coward.

    Vacillate  (verb) – go back and forth, be  indecisive

    Since his term exams were round the corner, Adam vacillated between going on the family vacation and staying back at home to study.

    Ambivalent  (adj.)  – having  mixed feelings, conflicting

    My feelings about Shelly are ambivalent because on one hand she is a loyal friend, but on the other, she is a cruel and vicious thief.

    Enigma (adj.)  – difficult to interpret or understand;  mysterious

    Bruce Wayne was an enigmatic businessman; no one could ever guess what goes through the master tactician’s mind.

    Euphoric (adj.) – intense  excitement and happiness

    The Australian cricket players were all euphoric  when the Government  declared a bonus pay to each of them as bring the world cup home.

    Pedant (noun) – a person who overemphasizes rules or minor  details

    The senior professor was obviously a pedant since she persistently focuses on mediocre details and keeps interrupting me to point out my imperfect pronunciation and grammar usage without letting me make my argument.

    Profound (adj.)  – very great or intense;  thoughtful

    The realities are forcing a profound reassessment of how the Nile, Africa’s only major river, can continue to slake the thirst of one of the continent’s  fastest-growing  regions.

    Inchoate (adj.)  – undeveloped,  beginning

    Just after the big bang explosion, before the universe expanded to the gigantic distances, it was an inchoate assemblage of  elemental matter.

    Lethargic (adj.)  – lazy, sluggish

    In Asia, data on Tuesday showed that Japan’s economy contracted in the three months to September, as exports  and  domestic consumer spending remain lethargic

    Deride (adj.) – make fun of; insult

    When United States briefly considered withdrawing their  forces completely out of Iraq  in 2009,  several patriots in public  conversations derided the idea as a big  mistake.

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